Marty Stuart Reaches Out With Badlands
|Official Press Release for the album|
A while ago, when Marty Stuart started to consider music he might release on his Superlatone Records, the label done in conjunction with Universal South Entertainment, his thoughts raced several places. One place was the Mississippi Delta, where the multi-faceted artist was born and grew up and of which the gospel collection Souls' Chapel is a stirring product. Another place was the heritaged land of bluegrass music, a style with which Stuart had been deeply engaged since he was a teenager playing with Lester Flatt. Another place was the 244,000 acres in southwestern South Dakota known as the Badlands region, home of the Lakota Sioux, part of the Great Sioux Nation. It was a place Stuart first encountered from his days of playing with the late Johnny Cash.
"I've been going there for twenty years," Stuart says. "The Mississippi Delta and the Badlands region are two of the most impoverished zones in America. That's what the two places have in common. I think the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation County is the poorest county in the United States. For me, it was no marketing stretch to go to the poorest zones in America. One is where I happened to come from. The other is my second home."
Stuart calls Badlands, which he produced with John Carter Cash at The Cash Cabin in Hendersonville, Tennessee, a "thematic collection." He believes that if the album "has a grandfather," it is Johnny Cash's 'Bitter Tears: Ballads of the American Indian', from 1964. Badlands comprises thirteen Stuart originals, plus another somewhat little known song, "Big Foot," written by Johnny Cash. Each addresses the historic and contemporary lives of Native Americans.
"It is a collection of ballads, as well as a journey through the past, present, and future of the Native American people in and around Pine Ridge, South Dakota," Stuart says. "This includes the legends of Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull and the tragedy of Wounded Knee, as well as the modern-day struggles of the original Americans. Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, Sitting Bull -- they are the superstars of this world."
One Badlands song, "Hotchkiss Gunner's Lament," features the wordless vocal harmonizing of Connie Smith, Stuart's wife, whom he first saw perform at the Choctaw Indian Reservation in his Mississippi hometown of Philadelphia. Twenty-five years later, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, the two were married.
Stuart first visited Pine Ridge Reservation as a member of Johnny Cash's band; "I was adopted up there," he says. "We played a benefit at St. Frances Mission, in the early 1980s. As John was singing a song about broken treaties and injustices to the Lakota people, an elder of the tribe started coming down the aisle of the auditorium. John was almost through with the song, but the elder just looked at him, and John just kept playing. He walked slowly to the front of the stage. And when he finally arrived, he just simply raised his fist and said to him, 'That's America.'"
The effect that this event had upon Stuart was incalculable in its raw emotional power. "The Lakota people touched my heart, he says today. He recalls that that following the onstage encounter, he returned to his band's touring bus. "I understood why we were there," Stuart remembers. "It was on account of poverty. I walked out of the bus. A bunch of kids had followed me outside. I had this big red suitcase then that was full of custom cowboy clothes and boots, knives, rawhides and money. I took the suitcase, unzipped it, and just dumped it on the ground, then threw the suitcase at them. I said, 'Take it.' All of this experience, the whole thing about the Badlands and Wounded Knee, all of it: It got my attention. But it's the people's spirit and their dignity in spite of over a century's worth of injustice and hardship that got all of my heart."
This is where the Badlands songs come from. "I've tried to offer myself as a tour guide," Stuart says. 'I wanted to show people, many of whom may not know or have the patience to sit down and understand the whole story of Native Americans, some of the historic moments. But at the same time, "Hotchkiss Gunner's Lament" is from the perspective of the gunners who killed those people. Connie Smith's voice in there is the wail of every woman. With 'Wounded Knee' being the centerpiece of the sequence, I still deal with more contemporary sides of the story. 'Casino', 'Broken Promise Land' are two of those kinds of songs."
For Stuart, there's bottomless grief and on-going grimness to this story. But sadness, he believes, is not the story's totality. "There is a silver lining to this record, and to this story," he maintains. "It feels pretty hopeless, at face value. But, three or four trips ago up there, an elder said to me, 'We have all this history that we've lived off, we have all of our elders to listen to, but it's really time to look the other way and listen to our children.' I sense a new Native American pride that's coming. Their victory is coming. It seems to me that they are wiser, more worldly, more educated now, and that there are better opportunities. I see a ray of light coming out of someone who perhaps today, is on a playground on a playground, a leader in the making up there who I believe will lead the people on to better things. Keep your eye on the children."
Tamara Saviano Media
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